Mesh networking on OpenWRT 15.05 with OLSR

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Overview

This guide covers configuration of OpenWRT to create a mesh network based on OLSR.

Preliminaries

Access with command like via ssh is required. Use Putty or any other terminal.

Software

OpenWRT 15.05 Chaos Calmer is installed with defaults. Target device has 8Mb flash memory minimum.

Hardware

This will work on EmonWRT3 and ModWRT devices.

If using WR703N router it must be modified with upgraded flash memory. The default unit does not have sufficient memory.

Setup a Node

This is for setting up a simple node that has no direct access to the outside www but can connect to other nodes. Most unit in the network will have this configuration.

We will use here

  • Wired - Static IP 192.168.2.1 (for configuration access only)
  • Wifi - Ad-hoc wifi with Static IP 10.10.10.xx (for comms with other nodes).

-1- Install packages

Install the required packages with the command below:

opkg update

opkg install luci-app-olsr luci-app-olsr-services luci-app-olsr-viz luci-lib-json
opkg install olsrd olsrd-mod-arprefresh olsrd-mod-bmf olsrd-mod-dot-draw olsrd-mod-dyn-gw olsrd-mod-dyn-gw-plain olsrd-mod-httpinfo olsrd-mod-mdns 
opkg install olsrd-mod-nameservice olsrd-mod-p2pd olsrd-mod-pgraph olsrd-mod-secure olsrd-mod-txtinfo olsrd-mod-watchdog olsrd-mod-quagga
opkg install wireless-tools

-2- Setup Wired LAN

Make sure the wired interface LAN is setup with static IP address. For our example we will use 192.168.2.1 (if you opt for another ip address then avoid the internet access subnet - like 192.168.1.0 for home routers.)

Make sure the interface is not bridging the wifi.

  • Go to Network | Interfaces click on Edit on the LAN interfaces. Then in Physical Settings untick create a bridge over specified interface(s).
  • Make sure Ethernet Adapter: "eth0" (lan) is ticked on.

You should now configure this unit by connecting a computer directly to this node with an ethernet cable.

The Lan interface should look like this below. Mesh xyz01.png

-3- Setup wifi mesh interface

Go to Network | Wifi click on Edit on the only wifi interface that should be there.
Find Interface Configuration at the bottom of the page and setup the following:
ESSID: OLSR
Note: ESSID must be the same on all nodes.
Mode: Ad-Hoc
Network: untick lan tick create and enter 'mesh'

click
Save n apply.png

The wifi interface should look like this below: Mesh xyz02.png

If the wifi interface is disabled enable it clicking on Enable.

Go to Network | Interfaces click on Edit on the interface MESH.
Setup these parameters below:
Protocol: Static address (click the Switch Protocol button now).
IPv4 address: 10.10.10.2
Set IPv4 address above as 10.10.10.x with x being the number of your node. 2 in our example here.
IPv4 netmask: 255.255.255.0
Use custom DNS servers: 8.8.8.8

Go to Firewall Settings tab.
Tick on unspecified -or- create: and enter 'mesh'
click
Save n apply.png

-4- Setup Firewall

Go to Network| Firewall.
Find the Zones section at the bottom of the page.
Remove the wan (empty) =>REJECT entry.
For entry mesh change Forward as accept.
click
Save n apply.png

It should look like this below. Mesh xyz06.png

-5- Setup OLSR

Go to Services | OLSR IPv4.
Find the Interfaces section at the bottom of the page.
Click on the Edit button of the only entry that is here.
For parameter Network Select entry mesh.
click
Save n apply.png


Select tab Plugins at the top.
Tick on olsr_jsoninfo.so.0.0.
click
Save n apply.png

-6- Testing

Visualisation

Go to Status | OLSR The page will show the number of interfaces and neighbours.

The OLSR-Viz tab provide a nice graphical visualisation of the full network.

Setup the Gateway - Node with internet access

Setup the device as a normal node as described above.

Go to Network | Interfaces.
Click on Edit for LAN.
Change Protocol to DHCP client. Click Switch Protocol now.
In Hostname to send when requesting DHCP enter MESH01 (or anything that you prefer). click
Save n apply.png

You should now connect this unit to your office router. You can acccess web interface and ssh using hostname as MESH01.

Go to Services | OLSR IPv4.
Select HNA Announcements tab.
Click Add.
Enter:
Network address: 0.0.0.0
Netmask: 0.0.0.0
click
Save n apply.png

Go to Network | Firewall
In General Settings change Forward as accept.
Find Zones at the bottom of the page.
Click on Edit for lan.
Tick on Masquerading.
Tick on MSS clamping.
Find the Inter-Zone Forwarding at the bottom of the page.
Tick on all Allow forward to destination entries.
click
Save n apply.png

Firewall zones should look like this below.
Mesh xyz03.png

Wifi Encryption

Remove and install packages as below:

opkg remove wpad-mini
opkg update
opkg install wpad authsae

Now run these commands below to setup the encryption:

uci set wireless.@wifi-iface[0].encryption='psk2/aes'
uci set wireless.@wifi-iface[0].key='password'

Replace password with anything you prefer.

Reboot the device and apply the same to all units with same password.