Raspberrypi Current and Temperature Sensor Adaptor
- 1 RPICT Series
- 2 Insert on Raspberrypi
- 3 Current Sensor
- 4 Voltage Sensor
- 5 Temperature Sensor
- 6 Power Supply
- 7 View/Record data
- 7.1 Using plain Linux terminal - CAT command
- 7.2 Using InfluxDB and Grafana
- 7.3 Using JSON request
- 7.4 Using Emoncms
- 7.5 Using Python basic script
- 7.6 Using SPIOT
- 8 Flashing the firmware / Upload Sketch
- 9 Enclosures
- 10 Related Howto
- 11 Playground
- 12 External Resources
RPICT series are a set of Raspberrypi hat for AC current sensor (CT) and temperature sensor. This page introduces generalities concerning the RPICT series. Information for each individual board can be found below.
All RPICT board connect to the GPIO connector and provide data via the serial port. An Arduino programmable microcontroller (ATtiny84 or Atmega328) operates the board. Source code for the microcontroller is freely available.
There are various options for logging and viewing the data. Most commonly used are Emoncms and Influxdb with Grafana. Using your own Python script is also possible.
- Raspberrypi Smart Meter.
- Internet of Things.
- Data Logging.
- Real Time Monitoring.
- Home Automation.
- RPICT3T1 - 3 CT 1 Temperature.
- RPICT3V1 - 3 CT 1 AC Voltage.
- RPICT4V3 - 4 CT 3 AC Voltage.
- RPICT4V3_v2.0 - 4 CT 3 AC Voltage.
- RPICT4T4 - 4 CT 4 Temperature.
- RPICT7V1_v2.0 - 7 CT 1 AC Voltage.
- RPICT8 - 8 CT.
- RPI_T8 - 8 temperatures.
Raspberrypi & 400A or more CT
- RPI LCT3V1 - 3CT 1 Voltage for large CT.
- RPI LCT4V3 - 3CT 3 Voltage for large CT.
- RPI_LCT8 - 8CT for large CT.
- RPIZ_CT3V1 - 3 CT 1 AC Voltage. Raspberrypi Zero.
- RPIZ_CT3T1 - 3 CT 1 Temperature. Raspberrypi Zero.
- RPIZCT4V3T1 - Rpi Zero 4 CT 3 AC Voltage 1 Temperature
|RPI_T8||-||-||8||Slave 1 only|
|RPI_LCT4V3||4||3||-||One board stack only|
|RPI_LCT8||8||-||-||One board stack only|
\* AC Voltage
Insert on Raspberrypi
Power is provided from the Raspberrypi. There is no need for extra power supply.
First Time use
If using Raspbian OS follow the guide below to get the Raspberrypi ready for use with the RPICT.
Also carefully read the FAQ below.
Any current sensor with current output is compatible. Note there are considerations for the burden resistor which scales the range of measured current. We recommend the sensor below to start with.
- SCT-013-000 100A/50mA
- SCT-019 200A/33mA
- SCT-006 20A/25mA
Connector: 3.5mm Jack
The range is determined by the burden resistor fitted on the RPICT unit.
The default range is 100A on all RPICT series which correspond to a burden resistor of 24 Ohm. The table below shows alternative ranges with their associated burden resistor values. The range is for rms value.
SCT-013-xxx other than SCT-013-000 are not supported. Likewise for any voltage output CT. Use the current output SCT with adequate burden resistor instead.
CT sensors only measures Alternating Currents (AC). Refer to sensor ACS715 for DC current.
Do not be tempted to use voltage output SCT sensor like SCT-013-030 or similar. All these SCT are SCT-013-000 with a burden resistor fitted inside them. However this is clearly not the best option as they are scaled for 1V output. Arduino microcontroller use 3.3V or 5V. We fit the burden resistor on the RPICT series for optimum scaling.
An AC/AC adaptor is used to measure Voltage. We have a set of recommended adaptors:
- UK: 77DB-06-09
- EU: 77DE-06-09
- US: 77DA-10-09
The RPICT series are shipped using a basic calibration for the voltage port. A calibration would be needed if you feel the measured voltage is not accurate enough against another well trusted measuring device (scope, multimeter). Use this page to calibrate the voltage port.
To evaluate the power of an installation a voltage sensor is not strictly necessary. Power can be estimated using an estimated fixed voltage (usually 240 or 110V). Voltage sensor becomes necessary if you wish to measure more accurately Real Power, Apparent Power and Power Factor. The combination of a voltage sensor with a CT sensor will also provide the direction of power (import/export).
The temperature sensor is the DS18B20.
Temperature sensors come with various connectors.
3 pin Molex
This applies for board RPIZCT4V3T1.
This applies for boards RPICT3T1 and RPICT4T4. Connectors are screw terminals. Temperature probe should present bare wires for connecting.
The raspberrypi should use the usual micro-usb PSU.
The RPICT series do not need any extra PSU. Power for the RPICT is taken from the Raspberrypi GPIO.
In the most basic use the RPICT series only output a serial string. It is down to the user to collect this data string and record/view as needed. We offer below various way to achieve this.
- Using cat command.
- Using Influxdb and Grafana.
- Using a Json request.
- Using Emonhub tool from Emoncms.
- Using a Python scrypt.
Using plain Linux terminal - CAT command
This option reads data output from a linux terminal using the cat command. Direct reading of the serial port.
Note: This is the most basic usage. We highly recommend to make use of this first before anything else.
Before hand make sure you have followed this guide if you are using the Rasbian image.
As an example the output from the RPICT3T1 adaptor board will be in the format below. power in kw. temperature in deg celsius.
Log in the Raspberrypi using ssh and issue the commands
stty -F /dev/ttyAMA0 raw speed 38400 cat /dev/ttyAMA0
The terminal should then show something like this below
pi@raspberrypi ~ $ cat /dev/ttyAMA0 11 46.23 52.25 126.56 19.46 11 47.43 52.28 129.60 19.54 11 48.90 53.88 131.22 19.89
To figure out which channel correspond to which measured value refer to the specific board dedicated page.
Note. If using the emonpi image run the command below before the stty command.
sudo /etc/init.d/emonhub stop
Using InfluxDB and Grafana
InfluxDB is an open source project backed by Influxdata. It is all free if you install on your own server. Only a hosted solution is payable.
InfluxDB on its own is just a database ready to store the data. Data can be viewed with Grafana.
See this guide proposing a solution to send data to an Influxdb database.
Example Using InfluxDB.
For a readily hosted solution with Influxdb/Grafana see Corlysis.
Using JSON request
The Raspberrypi can be setup to serve Json requests on http.
Preliminaries. This is for a Raspbian default image. This guide should be completed first.
Issue the commands below. This installs a http server. Configure it and setup the binary of emonwrt3. Emonwrt3 aims to save the data into a rolling database.
sudo apt-get install lighttpd sudo wget lechacal.com/repo/emonwrt3/lighttpd.conf -O /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf sudo /etc/init.d/lighttpd restart wget lechacal.com/repo/emonwrt3/emonwrt3_rpi_armhf_v1.0.1.deb sudo dpkg -i emonwrt3_rpi_armhf_v1.0.1.deb
Once complete you should be able to request the json data using the address below.
Modify last=1 to the number of records you need to acquire. Remove the variable altogether to obtain all data (default limit is 128 records).
Emoncms is a very complete and user friendly interface. Emonhub is used to forward the data from the RPICT to the Emoncms service. We also show some alternatives below.
Using Emonhub format - Emonpi image [Recommended]
If you are using this option then you should download the emonpi image from this link below.
Flash this image onto a SD card. Once the Raspberrypi powered up point your web browser to http://emonpi. Then modify the emonhub configuration as shown below.
Delete or backup the entire content of Emonhub configuration and replace with this one below.
[hub] ### loglevel must be one of DEBUG, INFO, WARNING, ERROR, and CRITICAL ### see here : http://docs.python.org/2/library/logging.html loglevel = DEBUG #(default:WARNING) [interfacers] [[SerialDirect]] Type = EmonHubSerialInterfacer [[[init_settings]]] com_port = /dev/ttyAMA0 com_baud = 38400 [[[runtimesettings]]] pubchannels = ToEmonCMS, [[emoncmsorg]] Type = EmonHubEmoncmsHTTPInterfacer [[[init_settings]]] [[[runtimesettings]]] subchannels = ToEmonCMS, #url = http://localhost/emoncms #uncomment to save on local pi apikey = xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx senddata = 1 # Enable sending data to Emoncms.org sendstatus = 1 # Enable sending WAN IP to Emoncms.org MyIP > https://emoncms.org/myip/list sendinterval= 30 # Bulk send interval to Emoncms.org in seconds [nodes] [] nodename = my_RPICT7V1 [[[rx]]] names = RP1, RP2, RP3, RP4, RP5, RP6, RP7, Irms1, Irms2, Irms3, Irms4,Irms5,Irms6,Irms7,Vrms scales = 1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1 units =W,W,W,W,W,W,W,mA,mA,mA,mA,mA,mA,mA,V datacode = 0
Replace the apikey with the one given by your Emoncms account. Use the Read and Write key.
Modify the [] entry as needed. Refer to the board specific page to modify the last part of the config where it starts with node ID.
Using Emonhub format - Raspbian image [Not Recommended]
It is possible to use a native Rapbian image and install only emonhub to forward the data. In this case you will miss the web interface to the raspberrypi. For this follow the guide below.
Using the gateway tool to forward the data [Not Recommended]
We are proposing a basic script template which can be installed as below.
wget lechacal.com/RPICT/tools/lcl-gateway.py.zip unzip lcl-gateway.py.zip wget lechacal.com/RPICT/tools/gateway.conf sudo apt-get install python-requests
Edit the gateway.conf file to reflect your own setting. Content will be self explanatory.
Insert the RPICT and run
Using Python basic script
Using the same sketch as mentioned above a python script can be used to work with the data. The example script below will be a good starting point.
First of all make sure you have python-serial package installed
$ sudo apt-get install python-serial
Then copy the following into an executable file and run it.
#!/usr/bin/python import serial ser = serial.Serial('/dev/ttyAMA0', 38400) try: while 1: response = ser.readline() z = response.split(" ") if len(z)>=3: print "Power 1: %s Watts" % z print "Power 2: %s Watts" % z print "Power 3: %s Watts" % z print "Temperature: %s Degrees" % z[:-2] except KeyboardInterrupt: ser.close()
The above example is for the RPICT3T1 board. If using a different RPICT refer to the page of that particular board.
Download and install SPIOT on a given server. This could be the raspberrypi itself.
From the downloaded archive there is a directory called rpi containing python scripts and configuration file. Copy all these files on the raspberrypi (if not already there).
Make sure all .py files are executable:
$ chmod 755 *.py
Open the spiot.config file and modify the csv_forward section. port and hostname variable will be the most important ones for a first test. Keep apikey and node as they are to follow this example.
[csv_forward] port = /dev/ttyAMA0 hostname = myserver/spiot apikey = qbG31dQxFlG55mNM8G5ZTFkF0mrUbWg5 node = 20 baud = 38400
Then run the spiot_csv.py utility.
Then point your webbrowser to the link below:
The last 5 minutes of the first channel will be shown on a graph.
Flashing the firmware / Upload Sketch
The onboard microcontroller can be re-programmed using the Arduino IDE software and an AVR programmer.
There is no need to reflash the microcontroller if you wish to change parameters for the following boards: RPICT7V1 version 2, RPICT4V3 version 2, RPICT8, RPICT3T1, RPICT3V1, RPICT4T4.
For other type of boards such as RPICT7V1 model 1, RPICT4V3 model 1 the only way to modify parameters is to modify the sketch and upload it to the microcontroller. This would applies for changing output format (csv/emoncms) or calibration values.
RPICT4T4, RPICT3V1, RPICT3T1, RPICT4V3 version1
This link is a tutorial to upload Arduino sketches to the Attiny84. .
RPICT8, RPICT7V1, RPICT4V3
Some RPICT have enclosures available as 3D printed product.